Abstract Title: Exploration of registered nurses' professional practice environments in New Zealand emergency departments
ED nurses are the first health professionals that patients meet in the hospital, often under stressful clinical and emotional conditions (Healy & Tyrrell, 2011). In this location it can be argued that ED nurses are affected by organisational constraints both professionally, personally and clinically, however little evidence can be found on the effects of this situation on nurses' professional practice in the ED.
The research purpose was to explore how nurses manage their work within the ED environments in NZ by identifying current professional practice conditions using the professional environment scale of the nursing work index (PES-NWI). The PES-NWI is composed of 31 questions that identify five subscales attributed to professional practice environments addressing aspects of: participation in hospital affairs; foundations of quality care; nurse manager ability, leadership and support; staffing & resource adequacy; and collegial nurse-physician relations (Aiken & Patrician, 2000; Lake, 2002).